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Copy editing & Proofreading


One of our most exciting activities that we do is to turn raw material into a ready-made publication which can be a conventional book or a digital e-publication in PDF format. This is commonly known as copy-editing.


The aim of copy-editing, as the ‘Society for Editors & Proofreaders’ states is to ensure that whatever appears in public is accurate, easy to follow, fit for purpose and free of error, omission, inconsistency and repetition. This process picks up embarrassing mistakes, ambiguities and anomalies, alerts the client to possible legal problems and analyses the document structure for the typesetter/designer.


Working through the material, through the process of copy-editing, we correct errors in spelling, punctuation, grammar, style and usage, but also very long sentences and overuse of italic, bold, capitals, exclamation marks and the passive voice. We correct or query doubtful facts, weak arguments, plot holes and gaps in numbering.


At the same time, we are also looking at the bigger picture:


If you request copy-editing, you will not normally get any of the following:



Proofreading is the quality check and tidy-up of a work. We look for consistency in usage and presentation, and accuracy in text, images and layout, but cannot be responsible for the author's or copy-editor's work. Part of the job is light editing within tight limits.


During this process, we will:


Proofreading does not include the following:



Technical editing and design


Frugeo GRI is highly encouraged and experienced for preparing geographical materials. We offer a wide range of editorial and designing services for a ready-made or digitally published book, thesis or dissertation, or even a single article and a home assessment.


Our services currently cover:


Revision, proof-reading and copy editing of geographical manuscript, homework, thesis, dissertation, etc.


Professional typesetting, manuscript editing, line & content editing and interior page layout


Book cover design


Charts, figures, presentation maps, illustrations, etc.


www.frugeo.science ● www.frugeo.co.uk ● www.frugeo.eu